Addison Disease Dogs : Symptoms and treatment

Addison Disease Dogs : Symptoms and treatment

Addison Disease Dogs : Symptoms and treatment

Addison Disease Dogs. You have just received a diagnosis from the veterinarian that your dog suffers from Addison’s disease. Don’t Panic! We will discuss Addison’s disease in dogs, so you can better understand it and help your dog lead an active normal life.

What is Addison’s disease in dogs?

Also known as hypoadrenocorticism or adrenal insufficiency, Addison’s Disease in dogs comes with a number of symptoms that can also be similar to other ailments. This can make the diagnosis difficult, but once it is ruled out, your dog can re-live his life.

Addison Disease Dogs : Symptoms and treatment
Addison Disease Dogs : Symptoms and treatment

This is an endocrine system disorder that is caused when the adrenal glands cannot produce enough hormones for normal functioning. There is one adrenal in each kidney and each consists of two layers: the cortex and the medulla. The cortex is an outside area and secretes corticosteroid hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone. Medula, which is part of the sympathetic nervous system, secretes adrenaline (epinephrine), which is usually unaffected by Addison’s disease. These hormones are essential to the health of your dog. If there is an increase or decrease in these hormones, it can cause serious health problems if not handled on time. ( Readmore : Dogs with runny noses (like a stricken with influenza)

There are three types of Addison’s disease: primary, secondary, and atypical. In the case of Addison’s primary and atypical disease, this is generally the cause of immune-related damage to glands. Secondary type is the result of the pituitary incapable of stimulating the adrenal with the result hormone (ACTH).

What dogs are vulnerable to Addison’s disease?

Addison’s disease rarely occurs in dogs. However, it is most commonly seen in young dogs to middle-aged and female dogs. Breeds are more susceptible to Addison including Rottweilers, Wheaten Terriers, Bearded Collies, Standard Poodle, Portuguese Water dogs, and White West Highland Terriers. (readmore: Dog Congestive Heart Failure)

Symptoms of Addison’s disease in dogs

Here is a list of common symptoms of Addison’s disease:

  • Lack of appetite
  • Weight Loss
  • Lethargy
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Shaking
  • Increase thirst and frequency of urination
  • Dehydration
  • Weak pulse
  • Low temperature
  • Blood in the stool
  • Hair Loss
  • Abdominal pain

Treating Addison’s disease in dogs

Addison should be dealt with immediately once found. Depending on the type and severity of the symptoms, treatment for this disease will vary. If your dog is dehydrated, it should be administered intravenously. Additionally, the diagnosed dog will need hormone injections for the rest of his life.

Once your dog is recovered from his initial treatment, the treatment of Addison’s disease will begin. You should visit your veterinarian every week for at least four weeks for hormone therapy. After that, you only need once a month for injections. As long as you follow the veterinary orders and follow-up with care, there is no reason why your dog can live happily.